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Protect Health-Care Clients as Reform Takes Shape


The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (commonly known as federal health-care reform) significantly will impact Texas lawyers endeavoring to keep their clients informed about key issues and the reform’s effect on their health-care practices and businesses. From compliance to quality improvement to reimbursement, the changes are far-reaching.

Certain aspects of federal health-care reform will lead to additional litigation and administrative hearings for Medicare/Medicaid providers. The health-care overhaul imposes more scrutiny on their practices and their regulatory compliance. The penalties for failure to comply will increase, with new penalty structures developed and existing penalty structures enhanced and increased. Texas lawyers must inform their health-care clients on compliance requirements and be prepared to defend them in compliance hearings and litigation.

Certain segments of reform will impact health-care clients’ practice guidelines, patient load, reimbursement structure, and exposure to litigation and administrative proceedings.

Federal health-care reform mandates a strong quality improvement initiative with compliance incentives for those providers accepting Medicare and Medicaid patients. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website, the goal is for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to restructure payment systems to encourage providers to offer the highest, most efficient level of care while curtailing costs.

By 2014, federal health-care reform will expand incentive payment categories to health-care providers to include efficiency measures in addition to quality measures. Further, a CMS “Innovation Center,” receiving $10 billion in funding over 10 years, shall be established to develop and evaluate new patient-care models aimed at lowering costs while maintaining or improving quality.

The government will reward health-care providers that are successful in coordinating care and effectuating stringent quality measures with a bigger portion of the reimbursement pie and penalize those that are not with lower reimbursement rates.

For example, poorly performing hospitals that rank in the top quartile of hospital-acquired illnesses will receive reduced payments for Medicare patients. Physicians in the bottom 10 percentile of adjusted use of resources — those physicians who are least efficient in using supplies, lab studies, procedures, etc. — will receive a 5 percent payment reduction. Much of this quality push harkens to the 1990s during the reign of the health maintenance organization. Lawyers will have to guide their clients through these compliance issues, assist them with maximizing reimbursement and potentially litigate reimbursement reductions.

Lawyers for health-care providers are not the only ones affected by this movement. Insurance companies must report to the federal government and to their enrollees their implementation of programs to: improve health outcomes through quality reporting; prevent hospital readmissions; improve patient safety; and foster wellness and health promotion activities. Reporting must begin in March 2012 with the imposition of penalties on those insurance companies failing to report. Lawyers for insurance companies will need to